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What is Dental Implant Osseointegration?

What is osseointegration?

Osseointegration is a biological process in which a dental implant is integrated with surrounding bone.

What are the factors in a successful dental implant osseointegration?

The successful outcome of any implant procedure is dependent on many factors including:

  1. Biocompatibility of the implant material
  2. Implant surface and design
  3. Quantity and quality of bone housing the implant
  4. Surgical technique
  5. Post-surgery care
  6. Prosthesis design
  1. Biocompatibility of the implant material

Commercially pure titanium and titanium alloys are widely used as implant materials as they are highly biocompatible with good resistance to corrosion and lack of inflammatory response in surrounding tissues.  Smiles Peru uses implants made with commercially pure TiGr4 Hard titanium alloy, which has greater mechanical strength than other titanium alloys or pure titanium.

osseointegration Dental Implant Smiles Peru
  1. Implant surface and design

Implant surface design and etching allow for the acceleration of osseointegration. Vulcano Surface Actives implants utilize an anodization treatment which increases the surface contact area by 10% relative to surfaces only treated with acid.  This increased surface area benefits osseointegration.

  1. Quantity and quality of bone housing the implant

Each patient will present different bone characteristics.  In jaws with insufficient bone volume for implant installation, bone grafting is often recommended in order to increase the amount of hard tissues.

  1. Surgical technique

Minimal tissue damage at surgery is essential for osseointegration. This objective depends on the experience and training of the surgeon maintaining careful cooling while surgical drilling is performed at low speed.  Smiles Peru’s Surgical Center was designed to provide the best possible environment for carrying out dental implant surgeries.

  1. Post-surgery care

Aside from usual post-surgical care including avoiding smoking and maintaining proper hygiene, avoiding micromotion of the implant itself in the aftermath of the surgery is a primary factor in achieving implant osseointegration.

6. Prosthesis design

Care should be taken not to load the implants during osseointegration.  A prosthesis which evenly distributes bite forces between the implants and/or natural teeth will help ensure implant longevity.

Vulcano Actives Osseointegration implants

Modern dental implant surfaces increase chances of osseointegration

How long does implant osseointegration take?

Though osseointegration may take place in as few as 60 days with modern dental implants and surgical techniques, most patients should wait at least 90 days for lower jaw implants and 180 days for upper jaw implants before beginning the second phase of a dental implant rehabilitation.

What is the probability of osseointegration?

Though each case is different, success rates above 95% should be expected.

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