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How to Prevent Bleeding Gums

What causes bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums either spontaneously, when biting food, or brushing your teeth, is a symptom that the gums may become easily inflamed. In addition, if the gums are unhealthy, the rest of the mouth is also in danger since the gums are responsible for keeping the teeth in place.

The most common cause of bleeding gums is the accumulation of plaque and tartar at the junction between gums and teeth, although other factors also influence, such as:

  • Aggressive teeth brushing
  • Lack of vitamin K
  • Hormonal disorders (for example, during pregnancy and menopause)
  • Medication side effect (for example, anticoagulants)
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Unhealthy (left side) vs. Healthy (right side) gums

Many people erroneously believe that bleeding gums are normal during teeth brushing.  Bleeding gums are an indicator that oral health lacking. Bleeding gums are most often caused by the accumulation of plaque, which can cause a disease known as gingivitis or inflammation of the gums. Normal gums are pink and firm; if they bleed easily, darken and / or swell it is advisable to consult a specialist.

If gingivitis is not treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop, which irritates the gums and can lead to more bleeding, pain and inflammation. Periodontitis affects the tissues that support the teeth and keep them in place, which is why the lack of care can bring more serious consequences such as tooth decay and loss. Some studies suggest that the bacteria responsible for periodontitis are able to enter the bloodstream through the gums, affecting the lungs, heart and other organs.

Clinical signs of unhealthy gums

Healthy gums are:

  • A soft pink color
  • Firm
  • Not sensitive
  • Do not bleed
  • Do not reveal teeth roots

Diseased gums are:

  • Red
  • Inflamed
  • Soft
  • Can hurt
  • Have sensitivity
  • May surround loose teeth
  • Often accompanied by persistent bad breath

How are bleeding gums treated?

A visit to the dentist is recommended in order to diagnose and treat bleeding gums.  To avoid having bleeding gums, one must maintain proper daily dental hygiene. Here are some tips to follow:

  • Brush your teeth after each meal for about 3 minutes
  • Use fluoride (antibacterial) toothpaste
  • Use a soft and fine bristle toothbrush
  • Brush in circular motions
  • Use floss and interdental brushes to eliminate food debris between teeth
  • Use an antiseptic mouthwash 1 or 2 times a day
  • Visit your dentist every 6 months for a dental cleaningto prevent tartar buildup
  • Chew raw foods, such as fruits and vegetables, which stimulates the gums and teeth, keeping them healthy and strong
  • Vitamins A and C help prevent bleeding as well
prevent bleeding gums through proper teeth brushing

Proper oral hygiene can prevent bleeding gums

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October 5, 2019 Blog, Oral Rehabilitation
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Smiles Peru’s interdisciplinary team collaborates to perform complex rehabilitation cases involving multiple specialties in minimum time using the latest technology, techniques and procedures, including CEREC digitally-designed and manufactured crowns and veneers.